Tag Archives: download

murl for extended curlness

I'm a firm believer in the old unix mantra of letting each tool do its job and do it well, and pass on the rest of the work to the next tool. I've always stated that curl should remain this way and that it should remain within its defined walls and not try to do everything.

But time passes and more and more ideas are thrown up in the air, or in some cases directly at me, and the list of things that we could do but don't due to this philosophical limit of remaining focused has grown. It currently includes at least:

  • metalink support
  • recursive HTML downloads
  • recursive/wildcard FTP transfers
  • bittorrent support
  • automatic proxy configuration
  • simultaneous/parallel download support

Educated readers of course immediately detect that this list (if implemented) would make a tool that basically does what wget already does (and a lot more) and I've explicitly said for a decade that curl is not a wget clone. Maybe it is time for us (me?) to reevaluate that sentiment - at least in some sense.

I don't want to sacrifice the concepts that have worked so fine for curl under so many years, so I'm still firmly against stuffing all this into curl (or libcurl). That simply will not happen with me at the wheel.

A much more interesting alternative would be to instead start working on a second tool within the curl project: murl. A tool that does basically everything that curl already does, but also opens the doors for adding just about everything else we can cram in and that is still related to data transfers. That would include, but not be restricted to, all the fancy stuff mentioned in the list above!

No the name murl is not set in stone, nor is this whole idea anything but plain and early thoughts thrown out at this point so it may or may not actually take off. It will probably depend on if I get support and help from fellow hackers to get started and moving along.

cURL

Download (Yester)Day

I won't be joining the attempted world record of Firefox downloads on the release day June 17th 2008 since I dist-upgraded my Debian unstable just a few days ago and I got my Firef... eh Iceweasel version 3 then.

Of course, others have also noted that Firefox will miss a few Linux users downloading that version as Linux users all over will prefer to get it using their distros' ordinary means of getting packages and updates...

Firefox 3

No metalink in libcurl

It's been a while since we had this discussion so I figure it is about time to re-iterate it and this time I thought I'd do a little blog post to put the lights on my stand-point regarding this issue:

metalink support in libcurl

I've had this discussion at length with Anthony Bryan (the main man behind the metalink format) privately in the past and I've bounced back a lot of feedback on the actual XML format to him and I believe some of that were taken into account and changed the format. Of course this was before it "settled" and started to get adopted. I think metalink is a great idea and the file format is (the last time I checked it out, I can't seem to find the docs now) mostly making sense.

libcurlI have little to no understanding for the idea that libcurl should add support for this natively. metalink is just an XML format that sets up resources for an application to where and how it can download files, and libcurl does indeed support most of the protocols that such URLs can use. libcurl is a data transfer library that is oriented around a given URL and the URL in question has a 1:1 relationship to what protocol it is and it is always content-agnostic.

metalink is application layer, not transport. Adding metalink to libcurl would mean that all of a sudden libcurl would transfer a file and actually parse the (XML!) contents of that file and then get (possibly) multiple streams using multiple protocols based on what that parsing gave. It is just so many new things and violations against key libcurl concepts that I cannot see this done.

Metalink isn't even a standard so we would then more or less open the gates for further random efforts to introduce similar ideas and whatnot and where would we draw the line? Currently I think we have a pretty solid border drawn in the sand and we don't cross that line (on purpose).

And frankly, there is only one and one reason only (mentioned and that I can think of) for libcurl to support this feature and I that is because libcurl is already widely adopted it would be easier for metalink to conquer the world by sneaking in the back-door with libcurl as then a large amount of applications would support it with no additional efforts at all. But sorry, I don't think that's a good enough reason to break or change these important key concepts/limits of libcurl. (Actually, I think it is a bit foolish to think that adding metalink to libcurl would make all these applications automatically support metalink as there would be several arguments against that too.)

As I've said before, I think one of our biggest challenges in this project is to limit what libcurl does, to not allow it to grow in all directions, to keep the scope and to maintain focus.

A metalink file transfer library could be made as a layer on top of libcurl, and I think that is the only logical and sensible way.

Adding metalink support to the curl tool however, seems like a good idea to me...